s. xi, probably before A.D. 1038. Will of Thurketel, including bequests of land at Palgrave, Suffolk, to Bury St Edmunds; half of Palgrave, Suffolk, to Bury St Edmunds, and half to the bishop; land at Roydon, Norfolk, Scortland, and the priest's toft, to the church; land at Shrimpling and half the land at Roydon, Norfolk, to his wife, Leofwyn; land at Wingfield, Suffolk, to his brother's sons Ulfketel and Thurketel; 15 acres at Palgrave, Suffolk, and a toft to Leofcwen; land at Thrandeston, Suffolk, to Osbeorn; 20 acres at Roydon, Norfolk, to his nephew Leofric, his kinsman Godwine, and Wulfwine and his brother. English


Bury St Edmunds


1. Cambridge, University Library, Ff.2.33, f. 48v (s. xiii 2)
2. London, British Library, Add. 14847, ff. 18v-19r (s. xiii/xiv)
3. London, British Library, Add. 45951, f. 1r (s. xv med.)


K, 959; B, 1020

Printed and Translated:

Thorpe, pp. 579-81; Whitelock, Wills, no. 24 (pp. 68-9)


Lowe 1993b, on vocabulary; Whitelock, Wills, pp. 179-80; Hart, ECEE, no. 90 (pp. 66, 92), authentic; Finberg 1972, p. 490, cited; Wormald 1988, no. 82; Pelteret 1995, pp. 123-6, 130; Faith 1997, p. 63, cited

Show all data

  • Metadata


    • It is here made known how Thurcytel grants his possessions after his death. First, for his soul, Palgrave to St Edmund's, and half Whittingham, and half to the Bishop. And all my men are to be free, and each is to have his homestead and his cow and his corn for food. And I grant the middle furlong at Roydon hill free to the church; and Shortland and the priest's homestead, all free to the church. And to my wife Leofwyn I grant Shimpling, all the purchased estate and the other which I received when I married her; and half Roydon with produce and with livestock on those terms upon which we have agreed; and my men are to be free. And I grant Wingfield to my brother's sons, Ulfketel and Thurketel. And I grant Leofcwen fifteen acres at Palgrave and a homestead. And Wulfwine is to have that land of mine which he held. And Ælfwold, as well as the ten which he had before, is to have sixteen acres with a homestead and everything. And Osbeorn is to have the land near Thrandeston which I have had there. And I grant to Leofric my nephew and my kinsman Godwine and Wulfwine and his brother, twenty acres at Roydon. And [I grant] the moor about my part of which the monks and I contended, for freemen to use, as they did before, both before my death and after. He who alters this - may God expel him from the kingdom of heaven to the torments of hell, unless he repent it all the more deeply before his last day. There are three of these documents: one is at Bury St Edmunds; the second the Bishop has; the third Thurketel himself has.
  • Metadata

    Old Text

    • [H]er Switeleˇ ihu ˝urketel an his ahte after his day ˇat is erst for his soule Palegraue into seynt Eadmund and Witingham half and half ˇe bisscop. and alle mine men fre. and ilk habbe his toft and his metecu 7 his metecorn. And ic an at Reydoneberh ˇat midleste forlong fre into ˇe kirke. and Scortland 7 ˇe prestes toft al into ˇe kirke fre. And ic an Lefwen min wif Simplingham al ˇat ceaplond. 7 ˇat oˇer ˇat ic mid hire nam and half Reydone mid mete and mid Erue to ˇat forwarde ˇat we spreken habben 7 mine men fre. And ic an Wingefeld mine broˇeres sunes Vlfketel 7 ˝urfketel. And ic an Lefquene fiftene acres at Palegraue 7 an toft. and Wlwine habbe ˇat lond ˇe he mines hafde. 7 Alfwold habbe mid ton ˇe he her hauede .XVI. acres mid tofte mid alle. And Osebern habbe ˇat lond besiden Thrandestone ˇat ic ˇer hauede. And ic an Lefric mine neue and Godwine mine mey and Wlwine 7 his brother .XX. acres at Reydone. and ˇe mor ˇe ic 7 ˇo munekes soken ymbe min del fremannen to note so he er deden. er daye 7 after daye. Se ˇe ˇis awende. Wende him god fro heuene riche into helle Witerbrogen bute he it ˇe deppere bete. er his ending day. ˝ise write sinden ˇre. on is at seynt Eadmundesbiri. oˇer haue∂ ˇe bisscop. ˇridde haue∂ ˝urketel himself.