s. xi med. Will of Eadwine concerning land at Algarsthorpe, Little Melton, Bergh Apton (Ashwell), Thorpe, Great Melton, Wreningham, all in Norfolk; the beneficiaries being (Bury) St Edmunds, St Benedict's (Holme), St Etheldreda's (Ely), and the churches at Algarsthorpe, Little Melton, Bergh Apton, Norfolk; and Holverstone, Suffolk; Blyford, Sparham, Ashwell, Fundenhall and Nayland in Wreningham, all in Norfolk, also Ketel. English


Bury St Edmunds


1. Cambridge, University Library, Ff.2.33, f. 45r-v (s. xiii 2)
2. London, British Library, Add. 14847, f. 15v (s. xiii/xiv)


K, 921


Douglas and Greenaway, EHD II, no. 188 (pp. 904-5)

Printed and Translated:

Thorpe, pp. 589-91; Whitelock, Wills, no. 33 (pp. 86-9)


Whitelock, Wills, pp. 199-201; Douglas 1932, pp. cxii-v; Hart, ECEE, no. 94, authentic; Pelteret 1995, pp. 123, 130

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    • In my Lord's name I, Edwin, make known how I grant the things which God Almighty has lent me in this life. That is, that I grant the estate at Algarsthorpe to St Edmund's except ten acres which I give to the church there. And Leofric is to have the three acres which he occupies. And I grant the estate at Little Melton to St Benedict's, and ten acres to the church. And I grant to St Etheldreda's the estate at Bergh south of King's Street, except the northern enclosure at Appelsco. And half the turfpit is to belong to Apton, and a way to it two rods broad. And ten acres south of the street to Bergh church. And ten acres north of the street to Apton church, and four acres to Holverstone church, and four acres to Blyford church and ten acres to Sparham church. And all my men are to be free everywhere after my time. This is the free property which Edwin has granted to Christ and St Mary and all Christ's saints for the redemption of his soul and the forgiveness of his sins. And this is the agreement which the two brothers, Wulfric and Edwin, made between them about the two estates, Thorpe and Melton: that is, that whichever of them shall live the longer is to have both the estates; and after the death of both of them, the estate at Melton is to go to St Benedict's for the souls of them both: and Ketel is to succeed to the estate at Thorpe after the death of them both on such terms as are set forth there: namely, that Ketel is to pay each year to St Edmund's two pounds - that is the rent of the estate - and one mass [shall be said] every day for the souls of both of them. And after Ketel's death, the estate is to go to St Edmund's church without controversy; and [that] at Melton to the church which Thurward owned; and the land which Edwin, Ecgferth's son, had, free to the church; and eight acres from the estate at Thorpe, to Ashwell church; and eight acres from the estate at Wreningham to the old church, and two acres to Fundenhall church, and two to Nayland church. There are three of these documents. One is at St Edmund's: the second at St Benedict's at Holme: the third Edwin himself has.
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    • [O]n min drihtines name Ic Eadwine kithe ihu ˇat ic an ˇe ˇinge ˇe me god almithin haue lent on ˇise liue. ˇat is ˇat ic an ˇat lond at Eskeresthorp into seint Eadmund buten ten acres ic giue ˇer into ˇere kirke. And Lefric habbe ˇo ˇre acres ˇe he on sit. and ic 'an' ˇat lond at Lithle Meddeltone into sancte Benedicte 7 ten acres into ˇe kirke. And ic an ˇat lond at Beorh into sancte Etheldri∂e bi suthen kinges strete buten ˇat northere hage at Appelsco. and half ˇe turfgret ligge into Apetune and ˇerto weye to rode brod. And ten akres into Beorh kirke be suthen strete. And ten acres into Apetune kirke bi northen strete. 7 four acres into Huluestone kirke. And four acres into Blitleford kirke. And . X . acres into Sparham kirke. 7 alle mine men fre eywer. aftir mine tyme. ˝is is ˇat frescet ˇe Eadwine haue∂ Crist vnnen and seynte Marie 7 alle Cristes halegen his sowle to alisidnesse and his sinne tor forgiuenesse. And ˇis is ˇe forward ˇe Wlfric and Eadwine ˇa tueye brethere wrouhten hem bituen. ymbe ˇa to land at Thorp and at Middeltone ˇat is wethe[r] here so lenger libbe habbe bothe ˇe lond. And after here boˇere day go ˇat lond at Middiltone into sancte Benedicte for here boˇere soule. and ˇat lond at Thorpe; after here boˇere day; fange Ketel ˇerto to swilke forwarde so ˇer wrouht is. ˇat is ˇat Ketel leste alke iher to pund into seynt Eadmunde ˇat is ˇas londes gouel. 7 for here eyˇeres soule ilke day ane messe. and after Keteles day; go ˇat lond into seynt Eadmunde buten alken gentale. and at Metheltone into ˇere kirke ˇe ˝urwerd ahte. and ˇat lond ˇe Eadwine Ecferˇes sune ahte fre into ˇe kirke. And of ˇat lond at Thorp . VIII . acres into Aescewelle kirke. and of ˇat lond at Wreningham . VIII . acres into ˇe elde kirke. and to acres into Fundenhale kirke and to into Neolondes kirke. ˇise write sinden ˇre. on is binnen at sancte Eadmunde. an other at sancte Benedicte on Holm. 7 te ˇridde haued Eadwine himself.