A.D. 975 x 978 (? 977). Oswald, archbishop, to Wulfgeat, his cniht; lease, for three lives, of 1 hide at Himbleton (i.e. Huddington), Worcs., with reversion to the bishopric of Worcester. English with bounds




1. London, British Library, Cotton Tiberius A. XIII, ff. 1-118, f. 72r-v (s. xi 1)
2. London, British Library, Cotton Tiberius A. XIII, ff. 119-200, f. 161r (s. xi 2; bounds only)


Hearne, Heming, pp. 151-3, 355-6; K, 680; Hooke 1990, pp. 293-4, bounds only

Printed and Translated:

Robertson, Charters, no. 56 (pp. 116-17)


Grundy, Worcs., I, pp. 152-4, bounds actually cover land in neighbouring parish of Huddington; Robertson, Charters, pp. 362-3, probably 977; Finberg, ECWM, no. 308, authentic; Finberg 1972, pp. 487, 496, on details of bounds; HRH, p. 235, probably genuine; Sawyer 1975, p. 87, dates 977; Hooke 1985, pp. 238, 241, 242, on details of bounds; Hooke 1990, pp. 293-7, on bounds, land located in Huddington; Whybra 1990, p. 54; King 1996, p. 103; Faith 1997, pp. 137-8

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    • Marginal Note: Æt Hymeltune . Wulfgete . 7 Wulfmære. Px Ic Osuuold ˇurh Godes giefe arcebisceop mid geˇafunge 7 leafe Eadwardes Angulcyninges 7 Ælfheres Mercna heretogan 7 ˇæs hiredes æt Wiogernaceastre landes sumne dæl ˇæt is an hid æt Hymeltune sumum cnihte ˇam is Wulfgeat noma mid eallum ˇingum ˇe ˇærto belimpa∂ freolice his dæge forgeaf 7 æfter his dæge twæm yrfweardum 7 æfter hiera for∂siˇe to ˇære halgan stowe into Wiogernaceastre ˇæm biscope to bryce. Sit autem terra ista libera omni regi nisi ecclesiastici censi. Sancta Maria 7 sanctus Michahel cum sancto Petro 7 eallum Godes halgum gemiltsien ˇis haldendum . gief hwa buton gewrihtum hit abrecan wille hæbbe him wi∂ God gemæne on ˇam ytemestan dæge ˇisses lifes buton he ær to dædbote gecyrre. ˝is is ˇære are hide landgemæru æt Hymeltune ˇæt is ærest æt egcbrihtingcˇirne ufeweardre of ˇære ˇyrne ondlond ˇære hægce ˇæt on scipene lea of scipene lea ˇæt on efene lea ˇæt to mægdenne brigce of ˇære brigce ondlong hegce ˇæt to hryancrofte ondlong ˇæs croftes heafodlondes ˇæt to ˇæm oˇran heafodlonde of ˇæm heafodlonde ˇæt to bercrofte of ˇæm crofte ˇæt eft to hegcbrihtigncˇyrne ufeweardre . ˇonne gebira∂ se fifta æcer ˇære dalmædue to ˇære hide. ˝is is ˇæs wuda gemære ˇe to ˇære hide gebyre∂ ˇæt is ærest æt ceastergeate to ceasterwege ondlong ceasterweges to middelwege of middelwege ˇæt eft to ceastergeate of ˇæm geate to longan leage of longan leage ondlong ˇære dic to deorleage to ˇæm hriˇige ondlong hriˇies to dunhæmstedes æcergearde ondlong ˇæs æcergeardes to longan æcre ondlong ˇæs æceres to ˇæm midlestan wicwege ondlong ˇæs weges ˇæt eft to ceastergeate. Wulfgeat wæs se forma man 7 Wulfmær is ˇe o∂er ˇe hit nu on honda stant. Her is seo hondseten. + Ego Oswold archiepiscopus. + Ego Wynsige prb't + Ego Wulfric prb't + Ego Wulfheah prb't + Ego Ælfsige prb't + Ego Æˇelstan prb't + Ego Eadgar prb't + Ego Eadweard prb't + Ego Ælfgar diac' + Ego Æˇelsige diac' + Ego Godingc diac' + Ego Leofstan diac' + Ego Leofwine cl'er . + Ego Kyneˇegn cl' + Ego Wulfhun cl' + Ego Brihstan cl' + Ego Wulfgar cl' + Ego Cynestan cl' + Ego Eadwine cl' + Ego Wynstan cl' + Ego Ælfno∂ cl' + Ego Wulno∂ cl' + Ego Wulfweard cl' + Ego Æˇeric cl' Translation from Robertson, Charters, no. 56 Himbleton, to Wulfgeat and Wulfmær. Px I, Oswald, archbishop by the grace of God, with the permission and leave of Edward, King of England, and Ælfhere, Earl of Mercia, and the community at Worcester, have freely granted a certain piece of land, namely 1 hide at Himbleton to a certain cniht, whose name is Wulfgeat, with everything belonging to it, for his lifetime, and after his death to two heirs, and after their death to the holy foundation at Worcester for the use of the bishop. The estate, moreover, shall be free from every burden except church dues. May St Mary and St Michael, with St Peter and all the saints of God, have mercy on those who uphold this. If anyone, without due cause, attempt to break it, he shall have to answer for it to God on the last day of this life, unless he has set about making amends. Here are the boundaries of the one hide at Himbleton, namely first beginning at the upper side of 'Ecgbriht's thornbush', from the thornbush along the hedge to the clearing with the cattle-shed, from the clearing with the cattle-shed to the level clearing, then to 'Maiden's Bridge', from the bridge along the hedge to the rye-growing croft, along the headland of the croft to the other headland, from that headland to the barley-growing croft, from the croft back to the upper side of 'Ecgbriht's thornbush'. The fifth acre of the partible meadow also belongs to the hide. Here is the boundary of the wood that belongs to the hide, namely first from the Worcester gate to the Worcester road, along the Worcester road to the middle road, from the middle road back to the Worcester gate, from the gate to the long clearing, from the long clearing along the dyke to the deer park, [and so] to the brook, along the brook to the Dunhampstead cultivated enclosure, along the cultivated enclosure to the long field, along the field to the midmost Droitwich road, along the road back to the Worcester gate. Wulfgeat was the first man and Wulfmær is the second in whose possession it now is. Here are the signatures...