A.D. 871 x 877. Ealhferth, bishop, and the community at Winchester, to Cuthred, dux, and Wulfthryth, his wife; lease, for three lives, of 8 hides at Easton, near Winchester, with reversion to the church at Winchester. English with bounds


Winchester, Old Minster


1. London, British Library, Add. 15350, f. 75r-v (s. xii med.)


K, 1062; B, 543

Printed and Translated:

Robertson, Charters, no. 14 (pp. 26-7)


Grundy, Hants., I, p. 64, on identification; Grundy, Hants., II, p. 88, on identification, bounds cover detached part of Easton now in Avington parish; Robertson, Charters, pp. 286-8; Finberg, ECW, no. 22, authentic; Hart 1970a, p. 32 (no. 130), authentic; Stenton 1971, p. 153 n. 2, cited; O'Donovan 1973, p. 103, looks reputable; Stewartby 1998, p. 152 n. 7; Pratt, Alfred, pp. 36 nn. 51 and 53, 52, on attestations

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    • In nomine domini. Bishop Ealhferth and the community at Winchester have leased 8 hides of land at Easton for three lives to their dear friend Earl Cuthred and to Wulfthryth, his wife, and to one man of his own choice in addition, to hold and enjoy as may be best for him, free from every burden except the construction of bridges and military service and the payment of eightfold church dues and the priest's dues and burial fees. And they enjoin, in the name of the Almighty and of St Peter the Apostle and in the name of all the saints of God, that this estate shall be as completely subject to the lord and the community after the death of the three of them as it was on the day that they granted it to them. And this is done with the cognisance of the councillors whose names are recorded in writing below and marked with the symbol of the cross of Christ . . . The boundary of the estate at Easton extends from the Itchen to the eagles' brook, and then along the brook out to the gate, then by the headlands to the midmost barrow, then to the east of ædeswyr∂e, then out to the clearing to the east of the narrow hill, then out to the furrow which Wulfred caused to be made, then from the hill to the valley, then to the site of the mill, then from the site of the mill along the Itchen back to the eagles' brook.
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    Old Text

    • In nomine domini . Ealhfer∂ Bisceop 7 ∂a higan on Wintaceastre . habba∂ gelæne∂ hiora leofan friond . viii . hida landes on Eastune . ∂riora manna deg ∂et is Cu∂red dux 7 Wulfri∂e his wife 7 anan man ˇerto suil him liofost sio him to hæbbenne 7 to brucenne swa him sælest sie eghwælces ˇinges freoh butan brycgeweorce 7 ferde . 7 eahta ciricsceattan 7 mæsseprestes gereohta 7 saulsceattas . 7 hi bebioda∂ on ælmeahtiges naman . 7 on sanctes Petres ∂es apostoles naman . 7 on ealra Godes halgona naman . ∂æt ∂æt land sie labor∂e . 7 higan swa gewelde ofer hiora ∂riora deg swa hid wæs ∂y dege ∂e hioe hit hiom sealdan. 7 ˘is is gedon be ˇara weotena gewitnesse ∂e heora naman her beneo∂an awritene standa∂ . 7 mid Cristes rodes getacne gemearcode. Ego Ælfred Rex. Ego Ælfer∂ epc. Ego Ædelheah epc. Ego Wulfhere Dux. Ego Æ∂elstan Dux. Ego Eadwulf Dux. Ego Ordulf Dux. Ego Elfstan Dux. Ego Cu∂red Dux. Ego Tunber∂ abb. Ego Ælfre∂ pb. Ego Hunsige pb. Ego Cynestan pb. Ego Biornlaf pb. Ego Henulf Diac. Ego Ælfstan Diac. Ego A∂euulf Diac. Ego Milred min. Ego Beorhtno∂ min. Ego Æ∂elno∂ min. Ego Dudig min. Ego Heremod min. Ego Æ∂elfer∂ min. Ego Ælfhere min. Ego Wigred min. ˘es londes gemero æt Eastune . li∂ of ycenan in earna bæce æf swa 7lang bæces . utt on ∂æt geat æft be ˇan andheafdan od ˇone midlestan beorg . æft swa on ædeswyr∂e eastewearde æft utt on ˇa roda on heringesleah easteweardne . æft utt on ˇa furh on smalan dune eastewearde . æft utt on ˇa furh ∂e Wulfred het . adrifan æft of dune on ∂a dene swa on ∂one mylensteall æt swe of ∂em mylenstealle andlang ycenan æft on earna bæce.