A.D. 1052 x 1057. Leofric, comes, and his wife (Godgifu), to St Mary's, Worcester; grant of 5 hides at Wolverley, Worcs., and 2 at Blackwell in Tredington, Warwicks., and a haga in the port (? Worcester). Latin and English versions




1. London, British Library, Cotton Tiberius A. XIII, ff. 119-200, f. 183r-v (s. xi 2)
2. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ballard 67 (S.C. 10853), f. 45v (s. xviii; English only; from Hearne)


Hearne, Heming, pp. 408-10; K, 766; Pierquin, Recueil, pt 6, no. 19

Printed and Translated:

Robertson, Charters, no. 113 (pp. 210-11), English only


Robertson, Charters, pp. 461-2; Finberg, ECWM, no. 359, authentic; Hooke 1980, pp. 40, 48, cited; Hooke 1990, p. 336; Baker and Holt 1996, p. 139; Hooke 1999, pp. 106-7

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    • Here it is declared in this document that earl Leofric and his wife have granted two estates, for the love of God and the sake of their souls, to the refectory of the holy foundation, the monastery of St Mary at Worcester, for the use of the brethren who daily serve God therein, on condition that they intercede for our souls. Our gift comprises five hides of land at Wolverley and two at Blackwell and a messuage in the town, and it shall freely belong to their refectory for all time, and no one shall alienate it. And if there is anyone who desires to augment or endow it in any way, God Almighty shall grant him a prosperous life and eternal reward; and if, on the other hand, anyone is puffed up and so greatly covetous of earthly things that he desires to alienate this our gift, he shall have the curse of God and St Mary and St Oswald and all men in holy orders here in this life, and he shall be excommunicated on the Judgment Day in the presence of the Lord by God and by all his saints, and tormented for all time in everlasting punishment along with Judas and his companions, unless he desist and turn to a proper mode of conduct. And both of us shall be the protectors and guardians of these estates, on behalf of the holy monastery, as long as our life lasts.
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    Old Text

    • Px Her swutela∂ on ∂issum gewrite ˇæt Leofric eorl 7 his gebedda habba∂ geunnen twa land for Godes lufan 7 for hyra sawle into ˇære halgan stowe sancta Marian mynstre æt Wi'h'graceastre ˇam gebro∂ran to bryce inn to heora beodderne ˇe ˇær dæighwamlice Gode ˇeowia∂ . to ˇam foreweardan . ˇæt ˇa gebro∂ra beon ˇingiende for uncrum saulum ˇæt synd .v. hida landes æt Wulfweardiglea . 7 twa æt Blaca'wyllan' 7 ænne hagan on porte ˇæt hit sig æfre into heora beodderne freols 7 hit nan man ne geutige . 7 gyf ænig sy ˇe hit mid ænigan ˇingan . geecean wylle o∂∂e godian God ælmihtig him geunne gesundfull lif 7 ece mede . 7 gyf ænig ˇonne sy up ahafen 7 swa swi∂e gredig ˇissere worulde ˇæt ˇas ure sylena geutian wylle . hæbbe he her on ∂isse life Godes curs 7 sancta Marian 7 sancte Oswaldes 7 eal[ra] gehadedra manna . 7 sy he amansumod on domes dæige toforan drihtnes cneowan fram Gode 7 fram eallan his halgan 7 mid Iudan 7 his geferan æfre on ece wite cwylmed . butan he geswice 7 to rihte gecyrre . 7 wit synd ˇisra landa hald 7 mund into ˇam halgan mynstre ˇa hwile ˇe uncker lif bi∂.