A.D. 946. King Eadred to Eawynn, a nun; grant of land at Shopland, Essex. Latin


London, St Paul's


Oxford, Bodleian Library, James 23 (S.C. 3860) (s. xvii)


Foot 2000, II. 31, 163

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    • Quapropter ego Eadredus, rex Anglorum cæterarumque gentium in circuitu persistentium gubernator et rector, cuidam religiosæ sanctæ conversationis monialis fæminæ <vocitate> nomine Eawynne 12 mansas eternaliter tribuo in illo loco ubi ruricoli apellativo usu ludibundisque vocabulis nomen indiderunt Scopinglande, ut eandem supra taxatam vitæ suæ cursu fæliciter possideat. Igitur, imminente dissolutionis suæ calle corporis et animæ successorum, sibi carorum cui sibi libuerit mente liberali largiatur, et ipsi. Perpetue namque huius tramitibus mundi hoc quod concessi terræ prenotatum a cunctis laboribus vitæ mortalium permaneat abdicatum, preter id quod nobis omnibus communiter indigeri videtur, id est tria: exercitus aditum, pontis ædificium, munitionis castellique auxilium. Anno Domini .dccccxlvi.
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    • Wherefore, I, Eadred, king of the English and governor and ruler of other peoples resident in the surrounding area, grant eternally to a certain religious woman following a holy monastic way of life <called> Eawynn by name 12 hides in that place where the rustics give the name by appellative practice and playful terms Shopland, in order that she should possess that same land mentioned above happily through the course of her life. Therefore, may she also grant freely to such of her successors dear to her at the point of the imminent destruction of her body and mind as will be pleasing to her. And may this aforementioned piece of land which I have granted to her [who is withdrawn] indeed permanently from the ways of this world be withdrawn from all the labours of the life of mortals, except that which is seen to be needed for us all in common, that is, three: staffing of the army, bridge-building and support of fortress and walled town. In the year of the Lord 946.